Central Obesity is associated with Coronary Heart Disease, risk in women and men. In women, estrogen is believed to cause fat to be stored in the buttocks, thighs, hips and abdomen. Abdominal Obesity in males is correlated with comparatively low testosterone levels.
It is a common misconception that spot exercises burn fat at specific locations, but that is not the case. Spot exercises are beneficial for building only specific muscles, but with little effect. Sit-ups, crunches, and other abdominal exercises are useful in building the abdominal muscles, but with little effect, if any, on the Adipose Tissue located there.
A permanent routine of exercises, eating healthier, combining cardiovascular (aerobic) exercise with resistance training is more effective than cardiovascular training alone, in getting rid of abdominal fat. Additional benefits to exercising are that it reduces stress, which reduces the presence of cortisol, a hormone that leads to more belly fat deposits.
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